BHU Makes History with North India’s First Human DNA Bank!

Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is setting up North India’s first human DNA bank. On January 30, 2024, the Dnyaneshwar Lab of Zoology Department at BHU installed the Automated DNA Extractor Machine.

About Automatic DNA Extractor Machine:

  • Make in India relies on these machines, which are entirely indigenous. They have been designed to use minimal plastic, ensuring eco-friendliness.
  • This machine allows the extraction of DNA from any biological substance such as blood, saliva, hair, or tissue.
  • With its assistance, it can isolate DNA from about 32 samples simultaneously within 30 minutes.
  • The Department of Zoology, BHU, and Adnet Society, Hyderabad, organized a three-day conference on personalized medicine in March 2023.
  • 21 renowned scientists from 15 countries attended this conference. On its suggestion, B.H.U. established a human DNA bank.
  • During the same conference, participants decided that BHU is fully prepared to create a genome bank, following the model of Estonia.

Complete medical history will be visible on one click:

  • Through this, the details of the medical history of every person will be available to the doctors at one click. As a result, people can be warned about diseases which may occur in the coming generations. It will take a lot of time to prepare the bank.

Data for the 20 percent of people in the Estonian model:

  • Estonia (European country) opened a genome bank in 2000, where samples and data from 20 percent of the public are available.
  • When a patient goes to a doctor, the doctor reveals the patient’s medical history of 20 years.
  • Medical professionals know the disease the patient had and the medicine administered to them. Its details are available in the genome bank.
  • If a drug proves ineffective in Estonia, its efficacy in a diverse country like India comes into question. Therefore, a genome bank is a must have in India. This will bring a big change in the field of health.
  • There is no genome bank bigger than Estonia, not even in US.

What will be the benefit out of this?

  • Through this approach it becomes more accessible to understand the consequences of future pandemics.
  • It will provide DNA for gene-based study of hereditary diseases arising due to the endogamous system prevalent in India.
  • This DNA bank will also become an effective basis for personalized medicine in the future.
  • This will make it easier to understand the impact of future pandemics. This allows for conducting genetic studies to explore various diseases.
  • On the basis of the database obtained from the Human Genome Project, identification of the person in specific cases will become easier. The suspected criminal can be caught on the basis of his DNA. The biggest benefit of Genome Bank will be in the medical field.
  • Earlier, it used to take many years to discover genes related to any disease. Genome sequencing can soon detect such genes if the bank opens.
  • Detect genetic diseases, screen for disease, and easily implement gene therapy and drug control methods. Prominent among these are Tar-Sachs syndrome, cystic fibrosis, Harrington’s disease etc. Pre-assessment of genetic diseases, disease screening, gene therapy methods and drug control methods will also be available.

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